Political System

Political System

The British North America Act (BNA Act) perceives Canada as a constitutional monarchy. The reigning monarch of the United Kingdom (Queen Elizabeth II) is the sovereign of Canada. The BNA act brings together three British colonies, the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick. The Province of Canada includes Upper Canada (now Ontario) and Lower Canada (now Quebec).

The British parliamentary system h3ly influences Canada’s system of government and includes two houses. The Lower House or House of Commons comprises 338 members, and The Upper House or Senate has 105 members and represents all regions of Canada. The prime minister appoints members of the Senate.

Three levels of government

The responsibilities of governance in Canada are divided among three different levels of government as follows:

  • The Government of Canada –
    The federal government looks after matters that influence the entire population. These include citizenship and immigration, international trade, and national defense.
  • Provincial and territorial governments –
    These are responsible for the development of highways, healthcare, and education.
  • Municipal governments –
    Local governments look after city streets, firefighting, and so forth.

Elections in Canada
Canada holds elections once every five years as per the constitution. There are different electoral districts according to geographical divisions. Presently, there are 338 electoral districts in Canada. In the House of Commons, the candidate securing the highest votes wins the election to represent the district. The election takes place by following the method of secret ballot.
Immigration – views of major political parties
Canada has three major political parties. These include:

  • Liberal party- The governing party
  • Conservative Party- the main opposition party
  • New Democratic Party- The center-left party

All major political parties in Canada insist on welcoming immigrants as drivers of the Canadian economy. However, there are subtle differences regarding the criteria of admitting foreign nationals and how Canada should support immigrants after their arrival. Following is a summary of individual views of the major political parties in Canada on immigration.

  • The Liberal Party of Canada –
    There is a significant boost to the number of immigrants applying under major economic immigration pathways under the present government. The ruling party stresses the need to welcome highly skilled immigrants. It wants to focus on a modest increase in the number of immigrants. The liberals aim at streamlining Express Entry and adopting a fully digital platform to replace the Global Case Management System by the year 2023. The party plans to increase workplace inspections to secure the rights of permanent workers.
  • The Conservative Party –
    The party is vocal against efforts to curtail immigration. The Conservative Party demands several measures to expedite the processing of immigration applications. These include designing a fee-based system to expedite visas. It will benefit employers and employees. The party feels the need to record interactions between immigration officers and applicants. Besides, the party wants to reduce the number of rejections by allowing the applicants to correct mistakes in the applications. There is a need to develop a Credential Recognition Task Force to facilitate the pre-qualification of aspiring immigrants. The party aims at harnessing the services of distance learning institutions.
  • New Democrats Party –
    NDP is serious about reducing the quota on Parent Guardian Program applications to help families unite with their loved ones. The party wants to clear backlogs for family sponsorship programs and create pathways for permanent residence to include all temporary foreign workers. NDP is the most favorable party for immigrants as

Canada is aiming at the highest levels of immigration in history. There are plans to admit over 400,000 immigrants each year in 2022 and 2023. Most of these immigration will be under Provincial Nominee Program and Express Entry program. The time is ripe to bring your Canadian dream into reality. Hiring a knowledgeable and efficient immigration consultant will help you find the right immigration pathway to enter Canada.

Dev Immigration Services Inc is a dependable resource, having vast experience assisting thousands of immigrants. We help you choose the right immigration program by understanding your requirements. Get in touch with us now to begin your immigration journey.


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