The electronic system utilized to manage applications of skilled workers wanting to become permanent residents of Canada is known as Express Entry.
While not being an immigration program in itself, it enables the selection and administration of the economic immigration programs of Canada.
These programs are as follows:
From the pool of applicants formed under these programs, Canadian employers and federal and provincial governments select candidates who are sent an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for Canadian immigration.
The period of validity for a profile created under the Express Entry system is up to one year. Most applications for permanent residency by candidates with ITA are processed by the Canadian government within six months.
However, if any candidate fails to receive an ITA within a year of having created their profile in the Express Entry system, they can submit their profile again if they still meet the eligibility requirements.
The application processing time period aimed for by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is within six months from the date of submission. Thus, it is called Express Entry.
It is free.
This self-declared profile is created by candidates to show their Expression of Interest (EOI) in coming to Canada.
The profile comprises information regarding their:
All of these are based on the candidate’s own assessment of their personal information.
There are two main stages of this system.
Read the steps given here to understand the steps to Express Entry profile submission and getting a Canadian permanent residence visa.
Now you can travel to Canada and finish your landing.
While there is no legal need to do so, it is advantageous to use a consultant to ease the entire process and enhance your chances of migratory success.
For a modest fee, these consultants can offer advice on several pertinent issues, such as:
You may be asked to submit the following:
Yes, you can. If your profile is eligible, you can update it after submission.
The IRCC has authorized the following tests for Express Entry:
For the English language
For the French language
You have to complete any of these four. The score you get stands valid for two years.
No, you can’t do that. However, you may take a test several times and submit your best score.
The IRCC has designated certain bodies you can get your ECA done from. These are:
Yes, this has to be included in your profile. You have to show your financial ability to be able to support yourself and your family in Canada to the Canadian government.
As ineligible profiles are invalid and cannot be changed, you will have to create a new profile and submit it.
The IRCC will ask for certain documents from you, such as:
And more. You have to submit all of these and pay the requisite fee.
Yes, they can. If there are any changes in their status, they are required to update their profile to reflect the same. These could be in language ability, work experience, education credentials, or others.
No, you don’t. While getting a job offer does not guarantee your success, it does increase your CRS score.
Yes, they do.
The IRCC did a study in 2020 which found that Express Entry immigrants achieved great success in the Canadian job market.
Yes. Included in this are your:
All accompanying family members will also receive a permanent residence along with you if you gain success under the Express Entry system.
According to the IRCC, a valid job offer should be:
The job offer must be a written one. It should outline the following:
All valid job offers under:
It is not required if these three conditions are met:
No. A work permit is not considered a job offer.
Under Express Entry, a job offer is valid if:
Among other eligibility requirements,
The cut-off score is dynamic, which means it varies from draw to draw.
Aim at maximizing your CRS score. For this, you must claim all the points you are eligible for, whether they are for your education, work experience, language skills, or others. In case your current CRS score is too low, take the necessary steps to improve it.
Any candidate in the Express Entry pool who has been selected by the IRCC to apply to Canadian immigration is offered an Invitation to Apply (ITA).
There are draws from the pool of applicants in which a few candidates are issued ITAs for Canadian permanent residency; however, the times or days of these draws are not known to them.
No. To be eligible, the candidate must have work experience in occupation under a National Occupation Classification (NOC) code of skill type 0, A, or B.
They play a major role.
If a candidate gets a job offer supported by LMIA, which shows that the employer tried to employ Canadian citizens and permanent residents for the position, an additional 50 or 200 points are given to them on the basis of job level.
While this is not necessarily so, getting a valid job offer from a Canadian employer does considerably enhance their chances of receiving an ITA.
The time period is 60 days – from the moment an ITA is issued to a candidate. They have to submit their supporting documents and complete their electronic application. While this has been temporarily increased to 90 days due to the coronavirus pandemic, all candidates must start collecting the documents and putting them in order well in advance.
This is required in the following cases:
While they know their score or points total, they do not know their rank.
They know the minimum required score for the most recent draw, though, and have a target to meet or surpass to receive an ITA.
Not as of now. There may, however, be quotas in place for certain skill levels and/or occupations in the future.
No, it is not. There are a few others too.
They are not triaged through Express Entry. The only exception is if the applicant will work outside of Quebec for a Quebec-based company.
Yes, these are available under Express Entry. For these, the candidate has to get an approval-in-principle of their application before applying for the work permit.
If an applicant’s birthday falls on a day between the receipt of an ITA and submission of application for permanent residence, it may lower their CRS score below the lowest score in the draw. Another issue is the applicant may no longer meet the minimum requirements.
In such cases, IRCC officers apply a public policy to exempt these permanent residency applicants from certain age-based requirements. This public policy also grants an exemption to applicants who may stand refusal on Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) program requirements for change of age between receiving an ITA and submitting an application.
So, a candidate’s age is considered locked in once an ITA has been issued.
Once in Canada, a candidate becomes a permanent resident. They have the same employment rights as Canadian workers, enjoy protection under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and follow the relevant labor laws. They have the same freedom to change employment as is enjoyed by Canadian citizens and permanent residents.
Understanding Permanent Residency in Canada Gaining a Permanent Residency in Canada signifies a gateway to stability, opportunities, quality education, ample job opportunities and a thriving future. Express Entry for skilled...Continue reading